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Local Government District (2014) information for Belfast

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Area Profile Report
 
Created Saturday, October 23, 2021 12:08 AM
 
Population Estimates for Belfast Local Government District
The estimated population of Belfast Local Government District at 30 June 2020 was 342,560, of which 166,694 (48.7%) were male and 175,866 (51.3%) were female.
 
This was made up of:
 
  • 68,191 children aged 0-15 years;
  • 120,943 people aged 16-39 years;
  • 102,176 people aged 40-64 years; and
  • 51,250 people 65 years and older.
Between 2010 and 2020 the population of Belfast Local Government District increased by 9,071 people or 2.7%.
Table 1: Population Estimates by broad age bands, 2020
 
 
Belfast
LGD
 
Northern Ireland
Total Population (2020)
342,560
 
1,895,510
 
Children (0-15 years)
68,191
 
395,816
 
Young Working Age (16-39 years)
120,943
 
571,756
 
Older Working Age (40-64 years)
102,176
 
607,989
 
Older (65+ years)
51,250
 
319,949
 
Population Change % (2010-2020)
2.7%
 
5.0%
 
Further Information:
 
Further information on Population Estimates including reports, methodolgy etc. can be found on the NISRA website.
 
Information on Components of Population Change and Migration are available on NINIS.
 
Interactive content is also available to view under the Population theme.
Profile last updated July 2021
 
 
Census 2011 Population Statistics for Belfast Local Government District (2014)
The reform of Local Government will see the reduction of 26 current Districts (LGD) to 11 new Districts (LGD2014). The 11 new Districts become operational in April 2015; the new Districts will, however, operate in shadow mode after the elections in 2014. See NIDirect for further information.
 
For the 2011 Census, statistics for the new Districts (LGD2014) are exact aggregates of information available at the Small Area level. For the 2001 Census, the statistics for the new Districts (LGD2014) have been calculated by aggregating 2001 Census Output Area information. Given the exact mapping of 2001 Outputs Areas to 2011 Small Areas, the resulting Local Government District (2014) statistics from the 2001 and 2011 censuses both relate to the same areas.
For further information see
A Guidance Note on Census Outputs for the New 11 Districts.
 
Note that for 2001 Census data, rather than aggregating existing published information available for 2001 Census Output areas (which have all been individually subjected to the disclosure control methodology of "Small Cell Adjustment"), the statistics for the new LGDs (LGD2014) have been calculated by Census Office by aggregating unadjusted 2001 Census Output Area information and then applying the small cell adjustment methodology to the aggregated statistics at LGD level.
This page provides information on the 2011 Census for Belfast Local Government District (2014). Click on the blue tabs at the top to see results for other geographical levels. Information has been grouped according to the Census themes. You can also view Census 2011 Interactive Content on NINIS.
Figure 1: Map of 11 New Districts (LGD 2014)
Click on theme titles below to obtain an area profile for that subject. The datasets used are shown below each section.
 
 
Usually Resident Population
On Census Day (27 March 2011) the usually resident population of Belfast Local Government District (2014) was 333,871 accounting for 18.44% of the NI total.
 
This represents a 1.60% increase since the 2001 Census. The table and chart below show how the age structure of the usually resident population in Belfast Local Government District (2014) on Census Day has changed between 2001 and 2011.
Table 1: Age Structure of Usually Resident Population, 2001 and 2011 Census
 
2001
2011
Age Bands
(years)
Usual
Residents
%
Usual
Residents
%
0-15
73,647
 
22.41
 
64,217
 
19.23
 
16-39
118,215
 
35.97
 
123,826
 
37.09
 
40-64
87,173
 
26.53
 
97,602
 
29.23
 
65-84
44,169
 
13.44
 
41,606
 
12.46
 
85+
5,413
 
1.65
 
6,620
 
1.98
 
Overall
328,617
 
100
 
333,871
 
100
 
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Population Change
The Mid-Year Estimates (MYE) of Population time series is the recommended source to examine population change over time. Population estimates for the 11 new Districts (mid-2001 to mid-2012) have now been released as part of the Small Area Population Estimates and are available on NINIS. See NISRA website for further information. However, since both the 2001 and 2011 Censuses reflect the full population adjusted for census under-enumeration, a comparison of the 2001 and 2011 Censuses provide a robust measure of population change over the decade.
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Households
On Census Day 2011 there were 328,763 people (98.47% of the usually resident population) living in 141,567 households, giving an average household size of 2.32. The remaining 5,108 people (1.53%) were living in communal establishments.
 
The table below shows how the household structure of the usually resident population on Census Day has changed between 2001 and 2011.
Table 2: Usual Residents and Households by Household Size, 2001 and 2011 Census
 
Usual Residents
Households
 
2001
2011
2001
2011
Household
Size
Number
%
Number
%
Number
%
Number
%
1
45,870
 
14.22
 
48,377
 
14.71
 
45,870
 
34.37
 
48,377
 
34.17
 
2
74,656
 
23.14
 
85,146
 
25.90
 
37,328
 
27.97
 
42,573
 
30.07
 
3
59,640
 
18.49
 
68,922
 
20.96
 
19,880
 
14.90
 
22,974
 
16.23
 
4
65,976
 
20.45
 
67,788
 
20.62
 
16,494
 
12.36
 
16,947
 
11.97
 
5+
76,424
 
23.69
 
58,530
 
17.80
 
13,889
 
10.41
 
10,696
 
7.56
 
Overall
322,566
 
100
 
328,763
 
100
 
133,461
 
100
 
141,567
 
100
 
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Demography
On Census Day 27th March 2011, in Belfast Local Government District (2014):
 
  • 19.23% were aged under 16 years and 14.44% were aged 65 and over;
  • 48.00% of the usually resident population were male and 52.00% were female; and
  • 35 years was the average (median) age of the population.
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Ethnicity, Identity, Language and Religion
On Census Day 27th March 2011, in Belfast Local Government District (2014), considering the resident population:
 
  • 3.23% were from an ethnic minority population and the remaining 96.77% were white (including Irish Traveller);
  • 48.82% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic religion and 42.47% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' religion; and
  • 43.32% indicated that they had a British national identity, 35.10% had an Irish national identity and 26.92% had a Northern Irish national identity*.
 
*Respondents could indicate more than one national identity
 
On Census Day 27th March 2011, in Belfast Local Government District (2014), considering the population aged 3 years old and over:
 
  • 13.45% had some knowledge of Irish;
  • 5.23% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots; and
  • 4.34% did not have English as their first language.
     
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Health
On Census Day 27th March 2011, in Belfast Local Government District (2014):
 
  • 23.50% of people had a long-term health problem or disability that limited their day-to-day activities;
  • 76.19% of people stated their general health was either good or very good; and
  • 12.28% of people stated that they provided unpaid care to family, friends, neighbours or others.
     
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Housing and Accommodation
On Census Day 27th March 2011, in Belfast Local Government District (2014):
 
  • 53.64% of households were owner occupied and 43.19% were rented;
  • 23.53% of households were owned outright;
  • 11.97% of households were comprised of a single person aged 65+ years;
  • 12.09% were lone parent households with dependent children; and
  • 38.20% of households did not have access to a car or van.
     
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Qualifications
On Census Day 27th March 2011, considering the population aged 16 years old and over:
 
  • 25.56% had a degree or higher qualification; while
  • 41.21% had no or low (Level 1*) qualifications.
 
*Level 1 is 1-4 O Levels/CSE/GCSE (any grades) or equivalent
 
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Labour Market
On Census Day 27th March 2011, considering the population aged 16 to 74 years old:
 
  • 63.84% were economically active, 36.16% were economically inactive;
  • 52.90% were in paid employment; and
  • 5.59% were unemployed, of these 43.56% were long-term unemployed*.
 
*Long-term unemployed are those who stated that they have not worked since 2009 or earlier
 
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Further Information:
 
Further information on the terms used in this profile can be found in the Census 2011 Definitions and Output Classifications document.
 
A NISRA Geography Fact Sheet which includes details on the new district councils is available on the NINIS website, and a Geography Guidance Paper is available on the NISRA website. Static maps of all 11 district councils are also available on NINIS.
Profile last updated January 2014
 
 
Economic and Labour Market Profile for Belfast Local Government District
This page provides information on the economy and labour market for Belfast Local Government District.
 
Click on the themes below to obtain statistics for that subject. The datasets used are shown below each section.
 
     
Labour Market
Employment Rate
 
In 2018, 16-64 (working age) employment rate in Belfast Local Government District was 64.7%. The overall 16-64 employment rate for Northern Ireland was 70.0%.
 
Economic Activity
 
In 2018, it was estimated that 67.3% of those aged 16-64 living in Belfast Local Government District were economically active (either employed or unemployed) and 32.7% were economically inactive (people who are neither in employment nor unemployed). This group includes, for example, all those who were looking after a home or retired, long term sick or disabled.

This compares with
72.8% economically active and 27.2% economically inactive for Northern Ireland.
Qualification Level
 
In 2018, of those persons aged 16-64 in Belfast Local Government District, 39.1% were qualified to Degree level or above (NI Average: 34.9%), whilst 15.9% had 'no qualifications' (NI Average: 14.7%).
 
Weekly Wage
 
At April 2019, the gross full-time median weekly wage for those working in Belfast Local Government District was £575.00 compared with £534.60 for NI.
 
Job Vacancies
 
In 2018/19, there were 16,192 vacancies notified in Belfast Local Government District to Jobs and Benefits Offices, Job Centres and Department for Communities.
 
Steps 2 Success
 
In 2018/19 there were 1,653 starts on the Steps 2 Success programme in Belfast Local Government District.
Business
Business
 
At March 2019, the number of businesses registered for VAT and/or PAYE in Belfast Local Government District was 10,705. Within Belfast Local Government District, 98.8% of businesses were classified as SMEs and 1.2% as large businesses.
 
No. of Businesses
SMEs
10,575
of which: Micro (0 employees)
1,070
Micro (1-9 employees)
7,460
Small (10-49 employees)
1,605
Medium (50-249 employees)
440
Large (250 + employees)
130
Total, all businesses
10,705
*figures/percentages may not sum to total due to rounding.
Employee Jobs
 
In September 2018, the number of employee jobs in Belfast Local Government District was 226,045, which accounted for 30% of employee jobs in NI. Within Belfast Local Government District, 2.4% were in Construction, 92.4% in Services, 4.3% in Manufacturing and 1.0% in other industries.
Redundancies
 
There were 600 confirmed redundancies in Belfast Local Government District during 2018, 24.0% of total redundancies in NI notified to the Department for Economy. Companies are legally required to notify the Department of 20 or more redundancies. As such the total is likely to be an undercount of total job loss.
 
Tourism
Tourism
 
In 2018, the estimated number of trips for all visitors in Belfast Local Government District was 1,693,985 with an associated number of 5,244,269 nights stayed and expenditure of £395.01 million.
Further Information:
 
Further information on Economic and Labour Market Statistics including reports, methodology etc. can be found on the NISRA website.
 
Further Statistics and Interactive Content are available to view under the Business, Economy and Labour Market themes on NINIS.
Profile last updated February 2020
 
 
Age Friendly Profile for Belfast Local Government District (LGD2014)
'An Age-friendly world is a place that enables people of all ages to actively participate in community activities. It is a place that treats everyone with respect, regardless of their age. It is a place that makes it easy to stay connected to those around you and those you love. It is a place that helps people stay healthy and active even at the oldest ages. It is a place that helps those who can no longer look after themselves to live with dignity and enjoyment. Many cities and communities are already taking active steps towards becoming more age-friendly'. (World Health Organization WHO).
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has established a global network of Age Friendly Cities and Communities that encourage active ageing by optimising opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people grow older. The WHO has proposed  eight areas  that can help to identify and address barriers to the well-being and participation of older people. Key statistics on each of these themes are included below. By way of background, demographic and deprivation profiles have also been included for the local council areas.
 
'Northern Ireland is an age friendly region in which people, as they get older, are valued and supported to live actively to their fullest potential; with their rights and dignity protected' (The Executive Office).
 
Further information on an Age-friendly world is available on the WHO website.
 
This page provides useful statistics on the age-friendliness of Belfast Local Government District (LGD2014). An infographic showing some of the key statistics for Belfast LGD2014 is also available.
 
Click on theme titles below to obtain an area profile for that subject. The datasets used are shown below each section.
 
Demography
Population
 
On 30 June 2019, the estimated population of Belfast LGD2014 was 343,542, accounting for 18.1% of the Northern Ireland total.
 
20.0% (68,739 people) of the population of Belfast LGD2014 were aged 60+ years. Of those aged 60+ in Belfast LGD2014, 44.4% (30,508 people) were male and 55.6% (38,231 people) were female.
 
2.2% (7,422 people) of the population of Belfast LGD2014 were aged 85+ years. Of those aged 85+ in Belfast LGD2014, 32.6% (2,420 people) were male and 67.4% (5,002 people) were female.
Projected Population
 
The population of Belfast LGD2014 aged 60+ is expected to rise to 89,694 by 2043. An interactive population pyramid showing population projections by Local Government District (LGD2014) is available to view on NINIS.
 
Deaths
 
There were 13,033 deaths registered for persons aged 65+ years in Northern Ireland in 2018. Of these deaths 27% were to malignant neoplasms, 15% were to respiratory disease and 24% were to circulatory disease.
 
There were 2,494 deaths registered for persons aged 65+ years in Belfast LGD2014 in 2018. Of these deaths 26% were to malignant neoplasms, 16% were to respiratory disease and 22% were to circulatory disease.
 
In 2018, the median age at death was 79 in Belfast LGD2014; the corresponding figure for Northern Ireland was 80 .
 
Life Expectancy
 
Average life expectancy measures the expected years at birth based on the mortality rates of the period in question. In Northern Ireland, life expectancy at birth for males is 78.7 years and 82.4 years for females. In Belfast LGD2014, life expectancy at birth for males is 76.3 years and 81.1 years for females (Calculated using information aggregated from 2016 to 2018).
 
Belfast LGD2014
 
2011-2013
2012-2014
2013-2015
2014-2016
2015-2017
2016-2018
Life Expectancy - Males (years)
75.7
75.9
75.9
76.0
75.8
76.3
Life Expectancy - Females (years)
80.8
81.1
81.0
81.1
81.0
81.1
Excess Winter Deaths
 
In the winter period (December to March) of 2017/18 there were an extra 1,500 deaths in Northern Ireland, compared to the average for the non-winter periods (previous August to November and the following April to July). The majority (82%) of these deaths were among older people aged aged 75 years and over. Of the 1,500 deaths, 300 were registered in Belfast LGD2014.
 
The Excess Winter Mortality Index for Belfast LGD2014 was 32.2 compared with 31.0 for Northern Ireland (the number of excess winter deaths divided by the average non-winter deaths expressed as a percentage).
 
Belfast LGD2014
 
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
2016/17
2017/18
Excess Winter Deaths
70
140
170
90
160
300
Excess Winter Mortality Index
6.9
15.7
16.0
9.0
15.3
32.2
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Deprivation
Deprivation - NIMDM 2017

The Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2017 (NIMDM 2017) report was published in November 2017. The report identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation across Northern Ireland.

Ten measures are presented at the Super Output Area (SOA) level: The Multiple Deprivation Measure, seven domains of deprivation and two supplementary income measures for older people and children.

Income Deprivation affecting Older People
 
The Income Deprivation Affecting Older People (IDAOP) counts those aged 65+ living in income deprived households. Within Belfast LGD2014 the most deprived Super Output Area based on the IDAOP measure is Botanic 4, where 12.9% of older people were income deprived (ranked 17 out of 890 in NI). The least deprived Super Output Area based on the IDAOP measure is Upper Springfield 2, where 0.4% of older people are income deprived (ranked 890 out of 890 in NI).
 
*1 is the most deprived SOA in Northern Ireland and 890 the least deprived.
Sources/Datasets used: Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2017 (statistical geographies), NISRA Vital Statistics & Administrative Research and Support
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Outdoor Spaces and Buildings
The outside environment and public buildings have a major impact on the mobility, independence and quality of life of older people.
 
Living Environment Deprivation - Outdoor Physical Environment
 
The Northern Ireland Deprivation Measure 2017 Living Environment Domain - the purpose of this domain is to identify small areas experiencing deprivation in terms of the quality of housing, access to suitable housing and the outdoor physical environment. It comprises three separate sub-domains measuring each of these.

Within
Belfast LGD2014 the most deprived Super Output Area based on the outdoor physical environment sub-domain measure is Beechmount 1 (ranked 1 out of 890 in NI) and the least deprived Super Output Area is Hillfoot (ranked 844 out of 890 in NI).
 
*1 is the most deprived SOA in Nothern Ireland and 890 the least deprived.
Outdoor Spaces
 
Having green spaces is one of the most commonly mentioned age-friendly features. For its small area, Northern Ireland has a great variety of scenic countryside and although there are no National Parks, large areas of landscape of distinctive character and special scenic value have been designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs). This designation is designed to protect and enhance the qualities of each area and to promote their enjoyment by the public.
 
There are 8 Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Northern Ireland as well as Northern Ireland Environment Agency Country Parks and nature reserves.  The boundaries of each AONB within local government district areas can be viewed here.
 
The WHO Outdoor Space and Buildings guide highlights that Services are clustered, located in close proximity to where older people live and can be easily accessed. Locational data including credit unions, dental surgeries, indoor bowling, pharmacies, shopping centres and visitor attractions are available to view on NINIS.
Outdoor Safety

Policing and Community Safety Partnerships (PCSPs) aim to make our community safer by focusing on the policing and community safety issues that matter most in each local council area. Recorded Crime statistics are available on NINIS and show there were 32,794 recorded crime offences in Belfast LGD2014 during 2018/19, which accounted for 32.5% of recorded crime offences in Northern Ireland. An interactive map showing Recorded Crime is available to view on NINIS.
 
Offences, where victims are 60+ years old are shown in the table below.
 
Recorded Crime – Victim aged 60+, Local Government District 2014
 
Belfast LGD2014
Financial Year
2014/15
2015/16
2016/17
2017/18
2018/19
Violence against the Person
334
362
389
394
476
Burglary
415
518
324
304
284
Non Vehicle Theft
540
537
512
458
454
Criminal Damage
503
521
453
443
392
Other Offences
225
210
200
162
144
Total
2017
2148
1878
1761
1750
In 2018/19, 7% of respondents to the Northern Ireland Crime Survey aged 60 and over stated that they were very worried about crime with 72% stating that ‘fear of crime’ has a minimal affect on their life. 10% of respondents in this age group felt unsafe walking alone in their area at night and 2% felt unsafe alone in home at night.
Financial Year
Northern Ireland
Percentage of older people (aged 60+) who:
2014/15
2015/16
2016/17
2017/18
2018/19
are very worried about crime (%)
6
4
7
5
7
state ‘fear of crime’ has a minimal affect on their quality of life (%)
68
74
72
72
72
Feel very unsafe walking alone in their area after dark (%)
10
7
8
8
10
Feel very unsafe alone in home at night (%)
3
1
2
1
2
Sources/Datasets used: Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2017 (statistical geographies), NISRA Vital Statistics & Administrative Research and Support; Police Recorded Crime PSNI; NI Safe Community Survey, DOJ
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Transportation
Transportation, including accessible and affordable public transport, is a key factor influencing active ageing. It is a theme running through many other age-friendly topics. In particular, being able to move about the community determines social and civic participation and access to community and health services.
Public/Private Transport
 
Concessionary fare scheme 'SmartPass' - Free travel is available to all senior citizens who are 60 years of age or over and who are resident in Northern Ireland. At December 2017, 315,905 smartpasses were held by older people in Northern Ireland and 53,166 of these by older people living in Belfast LGD2014. You can travel anywhere in Northern Ireland on any Translink bus or rail service completely free of charge. You can also enjoy free cross border rail travel.
 
The Travel Survey for Northern Ireland (2016-2018) reports that the car is the main mode of transport for those aged 60+ with 68% of journeys made by car for males aged 60+ and 70% for females. In the same period only 3% of journeys were made by Public Transport for males aged 60+ and 6% of journeys by females.
On Census day 2011, there were 45,945 people aged 65+ years in Belfast LGD2014 living in households. 58% of these lived in households with access to a car or van.
 
The Travel Survey for Northern Ireland (2016-2018) reports that 65% of adults aged 70+ hold a driving license although this varies with gender with 50% of females aged 70+ and 82% of males aged 70+ holding a driving license.
 
The Travel Survey for Northern Ireland (2016-2018) reports that 35% of adults aged 60+ have difficulty with travel due to physical disability or long-standing health problem.
Road Safety
 
The total number of reported road traffic collision casualties for persons aged 60+ in Northern Ireland in 2018 was 1,134. Of these 147 were killed/seriously injured and a further 987 were slightly injured.
 
The total number of reported road traffic collision casualties for persons aged 60+ in Belfast LGD2014 in 2018 was 215. Of these 18 were killed/seriously injured and a further 197 were slightly injured.
 
Belfast LGD2014
 
2015
2016
2017
2018
Road Traffic Casulties for persons aged 60+
237
222
245
215
No. of casulties killed/seriously injured
21
19
23
18
No. of casulties slightly injured
216
203
222
197
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Housing
Housing is essential to safety and well-being. There is a link between appropriate housing and access to community and social services in influencing the independence and quality of life of older people.
 
Households
 
In Northern Ireland on Census day 2011, there were 263,720 people aged 65+ years. Of these, 96% lived in a household and 4% lived in communal establishments. On Census day 2011, there were 48,226 people aged 65+ years living in Belfast LGD2014; 95% lived in a household and 5% lived in communal establishments.
 
Of those 45,945 people aged 65+ years living in households in Belfast LGD2014, 68% lived in households that were owner occupied, 24% in households that were social rented, 4% in households that were private rented and 4% were living rent free. Comparative figures for Northern Ireland (people aged 65+ years) are 77% lived in households that were owner occupied, 14% in households that were social rented, 5% in households that were private rented and 4% were living rent free.
 
On Census day 2011, 16,946 households in Belfast LGD2014 were one person households where the resident was aged 65+ years. 7,758 households were one family houses where all people were aged 65+ years and 687 households were other household types where all residents were aged 65+ years.
 
Living Environment Deprivation - Housing Access and Housing Quality
 
The Northern Ireland Deprivation Measure 2017 Living Environment Domain - the purpose of this domain is to identify small areas experiencing deprivation in terms of the quality of housing, access to suitable housing and the outdoor physical environment. It comprises three separate sub-domains measuring these.
 
Within Belfast LGD2014 the most deprived Super Output Area based on the housing quality sub-domain measure is Woodstock 1 (ranked 3 out of 890 in NI) and the least deprived Super Output Area is Derryaghy 2 (ranked 890 out of 890 in NI).
 
Within Belfast LGD2014 the most deprived Super Output Area based on the housing access sub-domain measure is Botanic 4 (ranked 1 out of 890 in NI) and the least deprived Super Output Area is Sydenham 1 (ranked 887 out of 890 in NI).
 
*1 is the most deprived SOA in Nothern Ireland and 890 the least deprived.
 
Affordable Housing
 
The standardised price across Northern Ireland in Q2 2020 ranged from £124,693 in Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon district to £170,500 in Lisburn and Castlereagh district. Standardised prices and a price index for each LGD2014 can be found in the Northern Ireland Residential Property Price Index detailed statistics.
 
In 2019/20, there were 5,427 lone penioner allowance recipients in Belfast LGD2014. These are ratepayers aged 70 or over who are living alone and entitled to a 20% reduction in their rates.
Financial Year
Belfast LGD2014
 
2016/17
2017/18
2018/19
2019/20
Lone Pensioner Allowance Recipients aged 70+
5,087
5,181
5,241
5,427
Adaptation of Accomodation
On Census day 2011, there were 45,945 people aged 65+ years in Belfast LGD2014 living in households:
  • 6.7% lived in households that had been adapted or designed for wheelchair use (NI: 7.1%)
  • 0.7% lived in households that had been adapted or designed for visual difficulties (NI: 0.5%)
  • 1.9% lived in households that had been adapted or designed for hearing difficulties (NI: 1.2%)
  • 16.8% lived in households that had been adapted or designed for other physical or mobility issues (NI: 12.4%)
  • 0.6% lived in households that had been adapted or designed for other circumstances (NI: 0.4%); and
  • 77.5% lived in households that had no adaptation (NI: 81.5%)
     
Note - Household accommodation that has been adapted or designed for one or more of the following; wheelchair, visual, hearing, other physical or mobility difficulties - Percentages may not sum to 100% as there may be more than one type of adaptation per household.
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Social Participation
Social participation and social support are strongly connected to good health and well-being throughout life. Participating in leisure, social, cultural and spiritual activities in the community, as well as with the family, allows older people to continue to exercise their competence, to enjoy respect and esteem, and to maintain or establish supportive and caring relationships.

Events and Activities
 
The Department for Communities (DfC) is responsible for questions included on the Continuous Household Survey on engagement in culture, arts and sport. Analysis of these questions for 2015/16 shows that of those aged 60 and over, there were:
 
 
  • 28% who participated in sport;
  • 29% who participated in arts activities;
  • 59% who attended arts events;
  • 20% who used the public library service; and
  • 35% who visited a museum or science centre
    all during the year prior to being asked.
 
The factors which appear consistently as having the most influence on an older persons engagement across the culture, arts and leisure areas are their level of educational attainment, i.e. having a degree or higher qualification; their socio-economic classification, i.e. classified as being in managerial and professional occupations; and their use of the internet.
Marriages
 
There were 1,499 marriages registered in Belfast LGD2014 in 2017. Analysis by age shows that 48 males and 26 females aged 60+ years were married in Belfast LGD2014 in 2017. An interactive map of Marriages by age and sex is available to view on NINIS.
 
Marital Status
 
On Census day 2011, there were 48,226 people aged 65+ years living in Belfast LGD2014. 10.7% of these were single, 46.9% were married or in a same sex civil partnership and 42.5% were widowed or surviving partner of a same sex civil partnership/separated/divorced or formerly in a same-sex civil partnership which is now legally dissolved.
Sources/Datasets used: Older people and engagement in culture, arts and leisure 2015, DfC; Marriages by age and sex (administrative geographies), Marriages by age and sex Interactive Map, NISRA Demographic Statistics; Marital and Civil Partnership Status by Age CT0105NI, NISRA Census Office
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Respect and Social Inclusion
The respect and social inclusion of older people depend on more than societal change: factors such as culture, gender, health status and economic status play a large role. The extent to which older people participate in the social, civic and economic life of the community is also closely linked to their experience of inclusion.
 
Respect
 
When respondents of the 2017 Northern Ireland Life and Times (NILT) Survey were asked if they think that older people are, on the whole, treated better or worse than people in the general population because of their age, NILT respondents had mixed views. Less than one fifth of people (17%) thought that older people are treated better than others, 41% the same as, and worse than (34%), the general population. People aged 65 years or over were the group most likely to think that older people are treated the same (52%) as others.
 
Almost one in four respondents (23%) thought that, as they get older, they find that people treat them with more respect. Over half (56%) said that people treated them about the same, whilst around one in five (18%) thought that people treated them with less respect.
 
The majority of respondents (71%) agreed that society doesn't recognise the contribution that many older people are still able to make. People aged 65 years or over were the group most likely to tagree (82%) with this statement.
 
Social Inclusion
 
On Census day 2011, 16,946 households in Belfast LGD2014 were one person households where the resident was aged 65+ years.
 
AgeNI is the leading charity for older people in Northern Ireland. Age NI has helped build an infrastructure of 11 Networks bringing together older people’s groups across NI to strengthen the regional voice of older people and support them to influence important decisions on local policy and services. More information on the 11 sub-regional networks can be found on the AgeNI Website
 
The Executive Office involved older people and their representative groups in the development and implementation of the Active Ageing Strategy and Action Plan.
 
Loneliness and Self-Efficacy
 
In 2018/19, 44.6% of respondents to the Northern Ireland Continous Household Survey (CHS) aged 16+ living in Belfast LGD2014 reported feeling 'more often lonely'. The comparative figure for Northern Ireland was 35.2%. Whilst a geographical breakdown by age is not available, at a Northern Ireland level, those aged 16-24 (46.3%) and those aged 75+ (43.2%) were 'more often lonely' than those aged 25-34, 35-44, 45-54 and 55-64.
 
People with high self-efficacy are often seen as confident in their capabilities and produce sustained efforts to achieve their goals. In contrast, people with low self-efficacy often doubt their capabilities, are less ambitious and give up on their aims when challenged. In short self-efficacy is a question of resilience and those with higher self-efficacy often experience greater life satisfaction and wellbeing.
 
In 2018/19, 25.6% of respondents to the Northern Ireland Continous Household Survey (CHS) aged 60+ living in Belfast LGD2014 reported low self-efficacy.
Sources/Datasets used: Northern Ireland Life and TImes Survey, ARK; Low self efficacy (administrative geographies), Frequency of Loneliness (administrative geographies), The Executive Office.
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Civic Participation and Employment
Older people do not stop contributing to their communities on retirement. Many continue to provide unpaid and voluntary work for their families and communities. In some areas, economic circumstances force older people to take paid work long after they should have retired. An age-friendly community provides options for older people to continue to contribute to their communities, through paid employment or voluntary work if they so choose, and to be engaged in the political process.
Civic Participation

In 2011, 9.6% of those aged 65+ years in Belfast LGD2014 undertook voluntary work without pay. The corresponding figure for those aged 65+ years in Northern Ireland was 10.7%.
 
In 2011, 12.6% of those aged 65+ years in Belfast LGD2014 provided unpaid care. The corresponding figure for those aged 65+ years in Northern Ireland was 12.3%.
 
Training and Employment
 
In 2019/20 there were a total of 121 teachers aged over 60 in Belfast accounting for 2.9% of all teachers in Belfast.
 
In the 2018/19 academic year, there were 640 enrolments aged 60+ years from Belfast LGD2014 at UK Higher Education Institutions. In the same year, there were 258 enrolments for those aged 60+ years from Belfast LGD2014 on a regulated course in Northern Ireland Further Education Institutions.
 
On Census Day 2011, 6.4% (3,069) of those aged 65 + years in Belfast LGD2014 were economically active and 93.6% (45,157) economically inactive. Of those who were economically active , 1,156 work full-time, 1,140 work part-time, 680 were self-employed and 93 were unemployed.
Qualifications
 
In Belfast LGD2014 on Census day 2011, there were 48,226 people aged 65+ years. Of these, 13.7% had achieved Level 4 or higher qualifications, while 64.8% had no qualifications. In Northern Ireland, 63.7% of people aged 65+ years had no qualifications.
 
Benefits
 
In 2020, 47,270 people living in Belfast LGD2014 were receiving state pension. In the same year 13,250 living in Belfast LGD2014 received pension credit.
 
State Pension age increased from 60 to 65 for women between May 2010 and November 2018 and is increased from 65 to 66 for both men and women between November 2018 and October 2020.
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Communication and Information
Staying connected with events and people and getting timely, practical information to manage life and meet personal needs is vital for active ageing.
Access to the Internet
 
Libraries have access to computers and the Internet for free or at very cheap rates. Locational information on libraries is available to view on NINIS. LibrariesNI, in partnership with Business in the Community, NI Direct Digital Inclusion Unit of the Department of Finance and Personnel, hold free annual IT taster sessions for the over 50s in a number of selected libraries across Northern Ireland on Silver Surfers' Day. This covers creating an e-mail account, using e-mail and browsing the internet.
 
There are 98 libraries in Northern Ireland - 18 of these are located in Belfast LGD2014.
 
Figures from the Labour Force Survey from January-March 2019 reveal that 46.0% of people aged 65+ living in Northern Ireland have never accessed the Internet.
 
In 2019/20, only 40% of respondents to the Northern Ireland Continous Household Survey (CHS) aged 65+ reported using online channels to access public services. This was significantly lower than all other age groups.
Sources/Datasets used: Library Locations, LibrariesNI; Internet Use by age and council area (administrative geographies), NISRA Economic & Labour Market Statistics
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Community and Health Services
Health and support services are vital to maintaining health and independence in the community.
Community Care

In
Northern Ireland, 1,588 people aged 65+ received a meals service in 2019.

In 2019, there were 234 residential homes in
Northern Ireland and on average there were 1,057 statutory and 4,176 independent places available (does not include residential places in nursing homes).
In 2019, there were 248 nursing homes in Northern Ireland and on average there were 31 statutory places, 10,801 independent places.
 
The number of clients receiving intensive domiciliary care in the Northern Ireland in 2018 was 8,771 with 83% of these aged 65 years and over.
Note: Intensive domiciliary is defined as 6 or more visits and more than 10 contact hours, as recorded during the survey week.
 
Health Services
 
In 2019/20 there were 429,770 people registered with a GP Practice (QOF Framework) in Belfast LGD2014. The list size for those aged 50+ years in Belfast LGD2014 was 143,273.
 
Some of the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) registers are for diseases that tend to affect an older population. There were 3,155 people on the Dementia Register (all ages) and 1,437 people on the Osteoporosis Register (aged 50+ years) living in Belfast LGD2014.
 
Locational data on GP surgeries, Dentists, Opticians and fitness centres is available to view on NINIS.
General Health
 
On Census Day 2011, there were 48,226 people aged 65+ years living in Belfast LGD2014. 40.0% stated they had very good or good health, 40.5% had fair health and the remaining 19.5% had bad or very bad health.
 
36,784 (76.3%) of those aged 65+ years were living with a long-term health condition:
  • 11,281 (23.4%) had deafness or partial hearing loss
  • 3,982 (8.3%) had blindness or partial sight loss
  • 1,733 (3.6%) had a communication difficulty
  • 21,540 (44.7%) had a mobility or dexterity difficulty
  • 650 (1.3%) had a learning, intellectual, social or behavioural difficulty
  • 3,310 (6.9%) had an emotional, pychological or mental health condition
  • 15,486 (32.1%) had long-term pain or discomfort
  • 11,084 (23.0%) had shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • 4,390 (9.1%) had frequent periods of confusion or memory loss
  • 11,617 (24.1%) had a chronic illness
  • 5,117 (10.6%) had other conditions
 
Note - Percentages may not sum to 100% as a person may have more than one condition.
 
Of the 45,945 people aged 65+ years living in households in Belfast LGD2014, 40.2% said that their day-to-day activites were limited a lot, 23.7% a little and 36.1% were not limited.
 
Health Survey
 
  • The 2018/19 Health Survey for Northern Ireland revealed In 2018/19, the proportion of those reporting that their health in general was good or very good decreased with age, with 55% of those aged 65+ years reporting good or very good health. For those aged 75+ years, the proportion was 50%.
     
  • Over 6 in 10 of those aged 65+ years (62%) reported having a physical or mental health condition or illness lasting or expected to last 12 months or more. This increased to more than 7 in 10 of those aged 75+ years (71%).
     
  • The 2018/19 Health Survey for Northern Ireland revealed that 41% of those aged 65-74 in Northern Ireland were overweight, a further 28% were obese. For those aged 75+ years, 42% were overweight, with a further 22% obese.
     
  • 12% of those aged 60+ years and 6% of those aged 75+ years in Northern Ireland were smokers.
     
Access to Services
 
The Northern Ireland Deprivation Measure 2017 Accessto Services Domain - the purpose of this domain is to measure the extent to which people have poor geographical access to key services, including statutory and general services. The average time in minutes to travel to a service from a given Small Area was calculated and results are available on NINIS.

Within
Belfast LGD2014 the Service-weighted fastest travel time by Private Transport Most Deprived Super Output Area (SOA) based on the access to services domain measure is Derryaghy 1 SOA (ranked 241 out of 890 in NI) and the least deprived Super Output Area is Ballynafeigh 1 SOA (ranked 890 out of 890 in NI).
 
Within Belfast LGD2014 the Service-weighted fastest travel time by Public Transport Most Deprived Super Output Area (SOA) based on the access to services domain measure is Derryaghy 1 SOA (ranked 337 out of 890 in NI) and the least deprived Super Output Area is The Mount 1 SOA (ranked 889 out of 890 in NI).
 
*1 is the most deprived SOA in Nothern Ireland and 890 the least deprived.
Sources/Datasets used: Meals Service (administrative geographies), Intensive Domicilliary Care Clients (administrative geographies), Residential Accomodation (administrative geographies), Nursing Accomodation (administrative geographies), Disease Prevalance (Quality Outcomes Framework) (administrative geographies), Health Survey, DoH; Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2017 (statistical geographies), NISRA Vital Statistics & Administrative Research and Support; Attendance Allowance Recipients (administrative geographies), Attendance Allowance Interactive Map, Disability Living Allowance Recipients (administrative geographies), Disability Living Allowance Interactive Map, DfC; Type of Long-Term Condition by Age CT0111NI, Type of Long-Term Condition CT0100NI, General Health by Age: CT0101NI, NISRA Census
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Profile last updated January 2021
 
 
Making Life Better Profile for the Belfast Local Government District
"Making Life Better" is the strategic framework for public health. It is designed to provide direction for
policies and actions to improve the health and wellbeing of people in Northern Ireland and to reduce
inequalities in health.

It builds on the former public health strategy "Investing for Health" and takes account of consultation feedback on the draft framework "Fit and Well – Changing Lives" and a number of other key reports and evidence.
 
This page provides information on the health and wellbeing of residents in the Belfast Local Government District. Click on the blue tabs at the top to see area profiles for other geographical levels. Health and wellbeing indicators have been grouped according to the Making Life Better Framework's Themes, with Headline Indicators in Green and other relevant data in Blue.
 
Further information can be found within the Making Life Better Strategic Framework Document and the First Progress Report 2014/15, published by the Department of Health (DoH). Further information and statistics on health inequalities in Northern Ireland can be found on the DoH website.
 
Further information is available on the defintions of the data used in this area profile.
Demographic Profile
The estimated population of Belfast LGD at 30 June 2018 was 341,877, which accounts for 18.2% of the Northern Ireland Population. Within Belfast LGD, 19.9% were aged under 16 years and 14.6% were aged 65 and over.
 
Between 2008 and 2018 the population of Belfast LGD increased by 11,825 people or 3.6%.
Belfast (LGD), 2018
 
Age
 
0-4
5-10
11-15
16-25
26-39
40-64
65-74
75-84
85+
All
Population
22,047
26,863
19,113
50,933
71,580
101,263
25,849
16,962
7,267
341,877
% of Population
6.4
7.9
5.6
14.9
20.9
29.6
7.6
5.0
2.1
100
Northern Ireland, 2018
 
Age
 
0-4
5-10
11-15
16-25
26-39
40-64
65-74
75-84
85+
All
Population
121,736
155,125
116,649
231,110
348,403
600,421
169,725
100,752
37,720
1,881,641
% of Population
6.5
8.2
6.2
12.3
18.5
31.9
9.0
5.4
2.0
100
 
Age
 
0-4
5-10
11-15
16-25
26-39
40-64
65-74
75-84
85+
All
2008
20,576
22,806
21,700
56,897
65,691
94,595
24,092
17,455
6,240
330,052
2009
21,186
22,375
21,218
56,509
66,961
95,637
24,309
17,236
6,332
331,763
2010
21,840
21,865
20,905
56,317
67,696
96,756
24,496
17,118
6,496
333,489
2011
22,635
21,820
20,425
55,183
67,724
97,716
24,591
17,124
6,677
333,895
2012
23,331
22,249
19,824
54,056
68,069
97,967
24,682
17,083
6,701
333,962
2013
23,435
23,217
19,131
53,684
68,246
98,654
24,964
17,045
6,757
335,133
2014
23,337
24,181
18,666
53,315
68,679
99,488
24,970
17,212
6,982
336,830
2015
23,332
24,794
18,455
53,695
69,247
100,076
25,264
16,952
7,092
338,907
2016
22,984
25,646
18,323
53,395
69,385
100,339
25,609
16,687
7,211
339,579
2017
22,474
26,515
18,523
51,708
70,202
100,951
25,751
16,833
7,263
340,220
2018
22,047
26,863
19,113
50,933
71,580
101,263
25,849
16,962
7,267
341,877
2017-2018
Population Change %
-1.9
1.3
3.2
-1.5
2.0
0.3
0.4
0.8
0.1
0.5
2008-2018
Population Change %
7.1
17.8
-11.9
-10.5
9.0
7.0
7.3
-2.8
16.5
3.6
Population Projections (2016-based)
 
The population of Belfast LGD is projected to increase to 347,371 by mid 2028.
 
Age
 
0-4
5-10
11-15
16-25
26-39
40-64
65-74
75-84
85+
All
Population
20,884
25,052
21,368
53,412
64,052
102,934
32,623
19,030
8,016
347,371
% of Population
6.0
7.2
6.2
15.4
18.4
29.6
9.4
5.5
2.3
100
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Key Overarching Indicators
Average life expectancy measures the expected years of life at birth based on the mortality rates of the period in question.
       
  • Life expectancy for males in Northern Ireland for 2015-2017 was 78.5 years, and for females is 82.3 years. Life expectancy for males in Belfast LGD for 2015-2017 was 75.8 years, and for females is 81.0 years.
NI
2015-2017
78.5
82.3
 
Belfast LGD
 
2011-2013
2012-2014
2013-2015
2014-2016
2015-2017
Life Expectancy - Males
75.7
75.9
75.9
76.0
75.8
Life Expectancy - Females
80.8
81.1
81.0
81.1
81.0
 
Belfast LGD
 
2007-2011
2008-2012
2009-2013
2010-2014
2011-2015
2012-2016
2013-2017
Standardised Death Rate - All causes
1,230.1
1,218.2
1,189.9
1,164.8
1,167.6
1,163.5
1,150.7
Standardised Death Rate - Amenable
193.4
186.0
178.7
169.8
167.4
166.9
161.2
Standardised Death Rate - Preventable
314.6
305.7
295.9
284.5
284.0
275.1
276.4
Standardised Death Rate - Avoidable
374.8
364.1
351.4
336.9
334.3
325.6
324.6
NI
2013-2017
1,031.7
123.9
207.1
243.8
 
Belfast LGD
 
2008-2012
2009-2013
2010-2014
2011-2015
2012-2016
2013-2017
Standardised Death Rate - Cancer U75
195.2
191.4
194.5
190.9
188.4
184.2
Standardised Death Rate - Circulatory U75
120.7
112.7
105.0
102.6
98.9
96.1
Standardised Death Rate - Respiratory U75
51.5
52.5
50.3
49.9
48.1
48.8
NI
2013-2017
149.2
73.8
34.1
 
Belfast LGD
 
2010-2012
2011-2013
2012-2014
2013-2015
2014-2016
2015-2017
Potential Years of Life Lost - Males
14.1
13.9
13.6
13.5
13.2
13.7
Potential Years of Life Lost - Females
9.2
8.9
8.6
8.9
8.7
8.9
NI
2015-2017
10.1
7.3
 
Belfast LGD
 
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
No. of Deaths
3,028
3,032
3,185
3,060
2,997
3,267
3,112
3,166
Deaths due to Malignant Neoplasms (%)
28.9
29.4
28.4
29.0
30.4
27.7
28.7
27.0
Deaths due to Circulatory Diseases (%)
29.1
25.8
25.1
24.5
23.4
23.1
22.8
22.1
Deaths due to Respiratory Diseases (%)
13.5
13.6
14.5
15.3
14.7
14.6
12.9
14.0
Deaths due to External Causes (%)
6.5
6.8
5.4
5.8
4.7
6.3
5.6
7.2
Deaths due to Suicide(%)
2.6
3.0
2.5
2.6
2.0
3.1
2.5
2.8
NI
2017
16,036
27.8
23.6
13.4
5.9
1.9
Top of Page
Theme 1: Giving Every Child the Best Start
Key long term outcomes:
Good quality parenting and family support
Health and confident children and young people
Children and young people skilled for life
  • The infant mortality rate is the number of children dying before their first birthday per 1,000 live births. Over the period 2013-2017, the infant mortality rate in Belfast LGD was 5.1 compared with 4.6 in Northern Ireland.
     
  • In 2017, 20.2% of expectant mothers in Belfast LGD smoked during pregnancy compared to 13.8% in Northern Ireland.
     
  • In 2017, 42.9% of mothers in Belfast LGD discharged from hospital were breastfeeding, including those partially breastfeeding and those breastfeeding only. This compared with 47.7% overall in Northern Ireland.
     
  • In 2012/13 Academic Year, 71.8% of primary pupils in Belfast LGD achieved level 4 or above in Communication in English, while 73.6% achieved level 4 or above in Mathematics. The comparative figures for Northern Ireland are 77.1% achieved level 4 or above in Communication in English and 78.5% achieving level 4 or above in Mathematics*.
     
    *Updated data not available due to low response rate as result of industrial action.
     
  • In 2016/17 Academic Year, 63.3% of school leavers in Belfast LGD achieved at least 5 GCSEs at A*-C or equivalent, including GCSE English and Maths. This compared with 69.6% overall in Northern Ireland.
 
Belfast LGD
 
2007-2011*
2008-2012
2009-2013
2010-2014
2011-2015
2012-2016
2013-2017
Infant Mortality Rate
5.2
4.8
4.7
4.4
4.7
4.9
5.1
NI
2013-2017
4.6
 
Belfast LGD
 
2011
2012*
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Smoking During Pregnancy (%)
24.6
24.2
22.5
21.4
20.6
18.9
20.2
Breast feeding on discharge (%)
41.6
39.0
41.3
43.8
43.2
42.7
42.9
NI
2017
13.8
47.7
NI
2016/17
69.6
 
Belfast LGD
Academic Year
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
2016/17
School Leavers achieving at least 5 GCSE at A*-C inc. English and Maths (%)
54.8
57.7
60.2
61.5
63.3
 
Belfast LGD
 
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
No. of Births
4,757
4,831
4,915
4,719
4,619
4,584
4,593
4,188
Birth Rate (per 1,000 females aged 15-44)
62.0
63.4
65.1
62.9
61.8
61.3
61.8
56.8
Childhood Deaths (age 1-15)
8
9
11
5
6
5
5
11
NI
2017
23,075
64.0
48
 
Belfast LGD
 
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
No. of Births
4,757
4,831
4,915
4,719
4,619
4,584
4,593
4,188
Still Birth Rate (per 1,000 live and still births)
3.4
3.3
4.7
5.1
4.7
3.7
4.1
5.7
Infant Death Rate (per 1,000 live births)
5.2
3.3
3.9
5.7
4.3
6.7
4.1
5.0
NI
2017
23,075
4.4
3.8
 
Belfast LGD
 
2009-2011
2010-2012
2011-2013
2012-2014
2013-2015
2014-2016
2015-2017
Under 17 Teenage Birth Rate per 1,000 females
4.8
4.3
3.6
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.2
Under 20 Teenage Birth Rate per 1,000 females
21.8
20.8
19.3
17.9
16.7
16.3
16.0
NI
2015-2017
1.5
9.5
 
Belfast LGD
 
2014
2015
2016
2017
Dental Registrations
0-2 years (%)
26.7
26.7
28.6
31.4
Dental Registrations
3-5 years (%)
67.8
68.4
68.6
70.3
NI
2017
30.6
74.7
 
Belfast LGD
Financial Year
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
2016/17
Hospital Admissions due to Accidents (0-4 years)
208
229
227
216
Hospital Admissions due to Accidents (5-15 years)
270
300
258
273
NI
2016/17
1,277
1,568